Persian Turpentine Resin is an oily resin extracted from a tree in the Anacardiaceae family called Persian turpentine. In the summer, they cut the trunk of the tree so that the sap of the tree comes out of the place of the crack, and this sap, which has a pasty state, is taken and boiled in water, and it is refined and marketed. it is a perennial plant, 1 to 2 meters high, with a thick cylindrical stem and broad, toothed leaves with deep incisions that divide the leaf into pieces with sharp divisions. this plant is native to iran and has been identified in the slopes of alborz and mountainous areas. this type of resin has a 40% hardener. Its nature is relatively hot and dry. eat it mashed stimulates appetite, cuts down sticky homours, is beneficial for relieving crushes bladder stones and relieves cough. rubbing it is useful to increase eye vision and relieve itching scabies of the eyelids. Turpentine resin is used in the production of perfumes, fragrances, insecticides and in the pharmaceutical industry in the production of emollients and disinfectants. In addition, it is used in the plastics industry, shoe and leather wax production and printing industry. Turpentine resin is used in the production of chewing gum.